~ measures ~

~ topic vocabulary ~

~ 100 terms ~

loops of pitches
learning by ear
original architecture
groups of pitches
the modes within
blues melodies
diatonic cycles

'the magic of the ancient rote learning builds the knowledge base within ...'

Essential vocabulary for the evolving theorist. The repetitative nature of the presentation of ideas is a meausure of learning in itself. For as we now see once unfamiliar theory and music vocaulary terms and know their meaning, we know our learning is beginning to stick. Termed rote learning, knowing the 100 terms and ideas on these measures adds up to create a working vocabulary for the evoving artist.

'Silent Architecture' review vocabulary and quiz.
equal tempered tuning
divides the octave into 12 equal parts
chromatic scale
consecutive half step sequence of our 12 pitches
fundamental tone
the actual pitch we hear created by a full length of string or column of air
a pitch created from the fundamental
the theory measurable distance between pitches labeled by numbers 1,2,3,4 etc., and the #'s and b's
octave interval
the first bowl for all pitches, a perfect doubling of the cycles per second of a pitch, contains the 12 half steps of the chromatic scale
perfect fifth
created by dividing our pitch or string length into three equal parts
circle of fifth's
a representation of our 12 pitches that resembles our hour clock, whereby the pitches are arranged clockwise by the interval of a perfect fifth
half step
smallest theoretical interval of equal temper tuning
early Greek philosopher credited with original ideas of acoustics and how our music theory system could be organized

Matching quiz for chapter 1.

The "silent architecture" of our music today is based on a system of theory that contains
12 distinct pitches.
We can trace our origins of Western Music back to the _______ _______
ancient Greeks
We credit _________ with the organization of our 12 musical pitches.
The full length of string produces the __________ pitch.
Pitches created from within the fundamental are called _______ .
Dividing a full string length perfectly in half creates the ______ _______ and it's mathematical ratio is ___ : ___.
octave interval / 2 : 1
Dividing a full string length three equal parts creates the interval of the _______ _____ and it's vibrational ratio is ___ : ___.
perfect 5th / 3 : 2
Pythagoras is credited with creating the _____ __ _____.
cycle of 5th's
The cycle of fifths contains our __ _______.
12 pitches
The _________ _____ arranges our 12 pitches by consecutive half steps into a perfectly closed loop of pitches.
chromatic scale

"Loops of Pitches" vocabulary and quiz / chapter 2.

tuning pitch A vibrates at 440 cycles per second
n'est pas ? French language quip meaning "isn't that so"
perfect closure describes how a sequence of elements perfectly returns to it's starting point
"a cappella" Italian term meaning "without accompaniment"
leading tone a pitch a half step below the final pitch
penultimate the second to last element in a series of elements
88 standard number of keys on a piano
seven full octaves number of octaves on a piano keyboard
2 / 3 sequence number pattern of the black keys of a piano
chromatic enhancement adding half steps into musical patterns

Matching quiz for chapter 2.

matching quiz

always lands on it's feet a cat
cycles per second measurement of vibrations of a pitch
perfect doubling of cycles per second octaves
equal temper tuning divide octave into 12 tempered pitches
half step interval smallest interval in equal temper
chromatic scale 12 consecutive half steps
without instrumental accompaniment a cappella
88 keys number of keys on standard piano
7 complete octaves pitch range of the piano
natural sequence of the black keys 2 / 3 / 2 / 3 etc.

"Groups of Pitches" vocabulary and quiz / chapter 3.

pentatonic scale so named by virtue of it's five ( penta ) pitches.
interval formula the set sequence of intervals we use to create a scale or chord
major scale most commonly used group of pitches used by composers to create the music we love.
musical colors the different sounds of the various scales and chords
muse our own inner creative energy
non-pentatonic pitch a pitch not normally found in a particular pentatonic scale
key signature accidentals placed by the clef to determine pitches
group of pitches a way to describe a select set of pitches
5 + 2 = 7 simple math equation showing that we add 2 pitches to the 5 of the pentatonic group to create the 7 of the major scale
white keys no sharps or flats

Here is the matching quiz for chapter 3.

matching quiz

scale that has 12 pitches chromatic scale
musical distance between pitches interval
has five pitches pentatonic scale
the part of a song we usually sing or hum the melody
half step interval smallest interval in equal temper
carefree and whimsical major pentatonic scale sounds ...
major scales the scale most composers most use
white keys of the piano from C to C the C major scale
half step + half step = ...? whole step
# of eggs in a dozen # of major scales

"Major / Minor tonality" vocabulary and quiz / chapter 4.

tonality overall sound of a piece of music, or to describe a key center, i.e., C major or minor
run a slang term for practicing, also to practice without the music being written out.
scale degree giving each pitch in a scale a sequenced numerical value
root the fundamental pitch of a scale or chord, designated by the number one
scale formula series of musical intervals used to construct a scale
triads three note chords consisting of the root or 1st, 3rd and 5th
flat musical symbol (b) that lowers a written pitch by half step
opus Latin for "work"
opera performance art that can combine elements of music, theatre, art and dance together
relative a term to describe two different scales that have the exact same pitches

Matching quiz for chapter 4.

matching quiz

the 2 main tonalities or "ying and yang" of our 12 tone, equal tempered musical system are the ...

major and minor tonalities
stepwise motion melodic motion whereby each pitch of a scale is sounded in succession
scale degree numbering the pitches of a scale by it's interval from the root or fundamental pitch
half step interval numerically represented by "1/2"
whole step interval represented by "1"
w  w  1/2  w   w  w  1/2 major scale interval formula
projecting an equally, perfectly temper tuned major scale from each of the 12 pitches of the chromatic scale revolutionary ... the theoretical perfection created by equal temper tuning
3rd scale degree above the root determines whether the scale, arpeggio or chord when sounded is of the major or minor tonality
the C major and A minor scales are said to be "relative" because _____________. they share the exact same pitches
all of our different mixes of musical colors are all extracted exclusively from ... the 12 pitches of the chromatic scale

Bonus question!

Three note chords are called ________ . triads

"Evolution of scales" vocabulary and quiz / chapter 5.

penta five
tritone musical interval that splits the octave perfectly in half, the tritone interval consists of 3 whole tones or whole steps
blues scale 5 minor pentatonic pitches plus one tritone pitch
vamp short musical phrase repeated
antecedent first half of a musical phrase
consequent second half of a musical phrase
call and response vocalization between two voices, often part of spiritual ceremonies
major scale 5 major pentatonic pitches plus a two pitch tritone interval
tonic the first or main note in a particular key of musical, the root note of a chord
love essential component in all of life's endeavors

Matching quiz for chapter 5.

matching quiz

smallest functioning scale grouping of pitches within equal temper tuning is the ________ _______. 5 pitch pentatonic scales
the minor pentatonic color evokes ______ ________ music. images of Native American and indigenous music from around the globe
combining in tune chords with variably tuned melody creates the ________ _____. American blues
the _______ interval perfectly splits the equal tempered octave in half and creates sound tension. tritone
5 note minor pentatonic scale + one note tritone = the _____ ______ scale. minor Blues scale
the major pentatonic scale color creates .... a joyous, happy go lucky feel, also the Eastern musical sounds of China and Japan
the 5 note major pentatonic scale + the 4th and 7th scale degree two note tritone creates the ______ ______. major scale
the white keys of the piano are the ______ and ________ _______ scales. C major scale / A natural minor scale
the black keys of the piano create the _______________ and the ________________ scale. F# / Gb major pentatonic scale / D# / Eb pentatonic minor scale
What are the last two words of our national anthem "The Star Spangled Banner"? _____ _____ ! play ball!

"Evolving scales into arpeggios" vocabulary and quiz / chapter 6.

linear left to right, horizontal motion
vertical up and down motion
arpeggio harplike, a scale in thirds or chord tones
off beat describes rhythms or accents off of the main beats or 1 and 3 in 4 / 4 time
triplet rhythmic figure that places three notes in the space of two
device an artistic element or technique
chord scale creating a scale in thirds
non-diatonic pitches that are not part of a key center
altered chords chords that contain non-diatonic pitches
hybrid merging elements and properties of two unique items into one

Matching quiz for chapter 6.

the term arpeggio is an Italian word for ________. harplike
we can extract the pitches of the _____ ______ from the pitches of the chromatic scale. major scale
music theorists use numbers called _____ _______ to numerically identify each of the pitches of a scale. scale degrees
the _____ ____ of the piano can play the C major scale. white keys
the magic of converting a scale into an arpeggio is to simply create a new sequence of pitches by ______ every other note in the stepwise scale. skipping
arpeggios could be said to be an ______ ______ between scales and chords. organic bridge
arpeggios are a good way for ___ _______ __________ to out line the harmony of a song. non chordal instruments
an example of a non chordal instrument is the __________. saxophone
understanding arpeggios is a good way to spell out the _______ of a chord. pitches
arpeggios can be a ______________ for vaulting our melodic lines into musical orbit. springboard

"Evolving arpeggios into chords" vocabulary and quiz / chapter 7.

Vocabulary for this chapter.

transformation when the same elements become another entity
muse that inner creative light that commutes between our hearts, minds and souls
chromatic scale the 12 pitches of equal temper
major scale an essential group of pitches in Western music
arpeggio harplike, a chord scale, a scale in 3rds
diatonic triads using only the pitches of our parent scale to build our chords
root / 3rd / 5th the three pitches of the triad
chord progression the sequence of chords in a song or style
color tones the pitches beyond the triad in the arpeggio
dominant 7th chord triad + 7th built on the 5th scale degree, main chord color of the blues style

Matching quiz for chapter 7.

fill in the blank quiz

one of equal temper tunings greatest gifts to Western music is __________. harmony
early, pre-equal temper scales were called the ______ ______. church modes
music conceived of as independent melodic lines sounded together is called _________. polyphony
our musical scale built in major and minor thirds is called an _________. arpeggio
the three notes of the major triad are it's ____, _________ and _______ _______. root, major 3rd and perfect 5th
writing music with a distinct melody line supported by a distinct harmony is termed __________ _________. homophonic music
the quality of the 3rd of a three note chord determines whether it is a ______ or _______ triad. major or minor
complexity of chords and progressions correlates directly to _________ of _______ _____. complexity of musical style
pitches used to extend chords past the three note triads are called ______ _____  _____________. color tone extensions
that every possible scale and chord available within equal temper tuning can be equally projected from each of the _______________________________________. 12 pitches of the chromatic scale

Second quiz. Spell out the letters for each of the seven diatonic triads in the key of D major.

chord scale D F# A C# E G B ... (loops)
7 triads D major E minor F# minor G major A major B minor C# minor
root   E     A   C#
3rd F#            
5th A   C#   E F#

"Time and rhythm" vocabulary and quiz / chapter 8.

Vocabulary terms for this chapter.

music notation the musical symbols we use to preserve our musical ideas in writing
time signature a fractional representation of numbers that defines the number of beats per measure and which note value gets the beat
value the duration of time assigned to a rhythmic symbol based on the time signature
subdivide the beat breaking down any rhythmic note value into it's smaller rhythmic components
tempo the rate of speed in which the music flows
interpretation how the musical artist aurally portrays musical symbols into musical phrases
metronome musical device for measuring time and tempo
forward motion a sense of energy in a musical line
artistic signature a musical artists aural identity
rush / drag two slang terms that imply speeding up or slowing down the original tempo

Matching quiz for this chapter.

matching / fill in quiz

time signature fraction shows the metrical rhythm of a song
top # of time signature fraction beats per measure
bottom # of time signature fraction note value that gets the beat
the part of a song we usually sing or hum the melody
each musician has their own sense of ______. phrasing
dividing long notes into shorter notes is _________ the beat. subdividing the beat
musicians transfer the "feel" of a melody or phrase into _______ and create a time signature. numbers
the length of time a note is held is it's _______   _______. note value
sing the line ... _____ ___ _____. play the line
tempo the rhythmic slow or fast pace of the music


Streaming eighth notes can give the music a _____ ______ ____. jazzy, swinging feel
A _______ ___ _____ is one who interprets and creates a melody line in rhythm and sync with the other musicians in the group. 'master of time'

"Seven highlights of music history" vocabulary and quiz / chapter 9.

Vocabulary terms for this chapter.

archeology the study of human cultures from artifacts (5)
computer modeling using our modern technology of computers to recreate, speculate, invision and expand the "what if" possibilities of information and material fragments we do have
cycle of fifths a "pitch clock" that includes our 12 pitches, arranged clockwise by the interval of a perfect fifth, that pictorially resembles our 12 hour "face" clock
fundamental pitch the pitch created by the entire length of a taut string, column of air etc., also the root pitch of a key center within the 12 tone system
overtones tones that naturally exist over the fundamental pitch
music notation symbols used to preserve in writing our musical sounds
monophonic music with one melodic line
polyphonic music with two or more melodic lines
homophonic music with one melody line supported by chords
New World a phrase used by folks the world over, say starting 500 years ago, to describe the existence of a continental land mass that would be called the "Americas", north and south, that became the vision of a new home for people from every part of our world where they could live in a world of opportunity

Matching quiz for this chapter.

matching quiz

Neanderthal flute A thousands of years old flute which may have sounded the natural scale still in use today.
Pythagoras ancient Greek musician, mathematician and philosopher who created the cycle of fifths for the 12 pitches we use today.
monophonic music music with only one melody line, examples include Native American music and European Gregorian chant.
polyphonic music two or more melody lines often rhythmically independent of each other.
homophonic music uses vertically stacked pitches creating chords or harmony to support a single melody line.
standard musical notation the symbols we use to write down our musical idea, evolved from mensural notation in the 9th century, about 1200 years ago.
J.S. Bach German Baroque composer and possible champion of the then new equal temper tuning.
American music a cultural mix of sounds from around the globe.
early blues combined African melodic and rhythmic and European harmony elements, in part evolved from revival meetings where everyone involved sang the melody.
the "piano forte" (soft/loud) a keyboard instrument invented in the early 1700's in Italy that could play each pitch with dynamic shadings from soft to loud, depending on how hard the key was struck, became the champion of the equal tempered method of tuning.

"Composing" vocabulary and quiz / chapter 10.

Vocabulary terms for this chapter.

muse that inner artistic sense that directs our creativity
hook slang term for a "catchy" melody
motif the "cell" of an original artistic or intellectual idea that gets developed
vamp slang term usually denoting a shorter, complete musical phrase oft repeated
musical form a musical structure of phrases, measures and sections
antecedent the first part of a musical or intellectual statement
consequent the second part of a musical or intellectual statement that usually brings to us a sense of closure to the whole idea
Iambic pentameter a style of spoken rhythm, articulated through inflexion and emphasis of syllables that is used with writing, poetry or prose
12 bar blues three / four bar phrases to complete the form
song form usually 32 bars comprised of four / eight bar phrases or two / sixteen bar phrases
through composed allowing our muse to dictate how a musical composition unfolds

Matching quiz for this chapter.

fill in quiz

composing is simply about putting our ideas into ________ _______. reality of sounds
the words of a pop song that get stuck in our heads is called the _______. hook
the __________ and ____________ phrases are the two parts of musical phrase antecedent and consequent
the song "Happy Birthday" is an _______ ____ __________ . eight bar phrase
most blues songs use the _________ ______ form. 12 bar
a common 32 bar form where the first melodic idea ( A )  is repeated three times in the form is __ __ __ __. A / A / B / A
a common 32 bar form of two 16 bar sections is identified by the letters  ___  ___ . A / B
in composing there is no ______ and _______. right and wrong
that composing is 10 % inspiration and 90% perspiration is a quote attributed to _________. Beethoven
potentially the most destructive force to individual development and getting on with one's life in high school is ____ _______ . peer pressure
So there it is ... :)